Collector, Deputy Collector, Estate, Mauza, Occupant, Survey, Tenure,
Ae Act ro pmvirlrfir !he slrrvey arld denrorca~io~l of lard
WHEREASit isexpedicnl, wirh a vicw to the definitionand idcntifica- Prcmblc.
tion of lands, thc bcller securily OF landed properly-and the prevenlion
or encroachmcnrs and dispules, lo provide for thc survey of lands and
forthe es~ablishmentmd rnaintenanccof marks to dislinguish boundaries;
11 is hereby enac~edas follows:-
- This Act may be called Lhc Bengal Survey Act, 1875. Shon tirte.
t].-Hep. 11y s. 4 ar~dthe Third Scl~ed~ileof ire ArendirlgAcr, 1903 (1 of 1903).
It extends to the =(the States of West Bengal and Bihw and thal part ~ocdcxlcnl.
of rhe S~alcof Orissa which on thc sixth day of Oclobcr, 1875, was
subjec~to heLieutenant-Governor of Bengal].
‘LEGISMIWE~m.-ForS~mcmcntofObjcctiand Rmm,sce rhe “GlkufruGniefk”
of 187.5. R. W,page 41; lor Rcpn ofSelecr Comrnirrh., scc ibid, page 305:Tor furlher
Rcpn of Sclcct Conlmittcc. weibid, page 461: and Tor hcRwecdings in Council. see
;bid. 1875, Supplcmenr, paga 14, 350, 939. md 987.
hcuurn.-This Acr wlls pxscd for !he whole ofthe ionncr Pmvinceof Bcngal-
$re scaion 1: but rhcrc is now a srpmc Act Tor Calcu~la,which is also applicable to
Municipdiues-xcc rk Calcutm Survey ACI, 1887 (Ben. Acr Iof 1887).
‘fhc words ‘thhovin~vsol Wtrt Bengd and Biband that pM OF lhc Provin~1:
ofOrissa which on hcsixth Jiry 01October 1875 was subjcd to thc Lieuimmr Governor
of Bcngal” were fin1 substilured Tor thc words ‘~erri~oricssubject to the Licutcnml-
Governorur Bcngal” by pm3(1) and heSchrduleor lhc Indian Jndcpcndcncc(Adaprnrion
of Bcngal and Punj;lb Acts) Odcr, 1948. 7hcmAer rhr words “Stares” rind “Smte” wcrc
subsniu~edfor rhc words “Provinecs” and “Rovincc”, rcspectivcly. by pa41) or rhe
Adaplarion of Laws Order. 19Sn.[Ben. Act V
i71eBellgal Survey Acr, 1875.
- In this Acl, unless rhere bc something rcpugnanL in thc subjcct
“Collector” mcans cvcry Collector of a dislricl, and includes
every officcr cilhcrgcncrally or specially vested with the powers
OF a Colleclor for the purposes of this Act;
“Depuly Colleclor” includes any Deputy Colleclor lo whom the
CoIlcctor or Superintendent of Survey may delegate any or his
funclions under this Acl;
any land which iscntercd an [he revenue-roll as separately
assessed with the public revenue,
any land acquired from the l[Governmen~]undcr onc
tide, which is liable to pay land-revcnuc nr any fulure lime,
any char or island thrown up in a navjgabIe river or in
the sca which undcr Ihc laws in force is at the disposal of
any lmd which is cnlcred on thc Collector’s registers as
a scparate holding, free in perpetuity from liability 10 pay
any lnnd gained by alluvion or by dereliclion of a river
or of the sea ro any eslale as here defined, which under the
laws in force, is considered an increment to the lenure to
which such land has accreled, shall be deemed a part of such
“trrariza” includcs cvcry village, hamlct, tolu and similar sub-
division of an estate, pargarra or village by whatever name such
sub-division may be known;
“occupan~”includcs cvcry mmbdar, tenwc-holdcr, Cmcrand
othcr pcrson cntillcd 10 rcccive rcnts in respecr of land, or
holding land on a claim (hat he is so enutled, and every raiyat
in occupation of land;
“section” means a secrion of [his Acl;
“survey” includcs idcnrification of boundaries, and all olher
operations antcccdcnl lo and connccted with survey;
“rcnure” includes all permanent interests in land, with the
exception of estares as above defined, and with the exception
of hose of raiyaa having a right of occupancy only; it also
includcs all gl~tinvuliholdings;
“~cnure-holder”means a11 or any of the holders of a tenure;
“Z~~~~itrclur. ‘- “zotrlit~dar”means all or any of fie holders of an estate.
‘The word “Crown”W& first subslituted lor heword “Govemmenr” by pm. 3 and
ScheduIc 1V or ~hcGovcrnlncnt of India (Adaptahon of Indian hws) Order, 1937.
Therealter Ihc word “Government”wm suhsrilured for rhc word “Crown” by pm.411)
or thc Adap~a~ionor Laws Ordcr, 1950.
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