Keyword(s):
Essential Services, Strike, Maintenance

STATEMENT OF OBJECTS AND REASONS
Amending Act 25 of 2015.- It is considered necessary to prohibit refusal to work in certain
essential services connected with production, generation, storage, transmission, supply or distribution
of water or electricity, transport service for the carriage of passengers or goods by motor vehicles and
any other service or employment or class thereof with respect to which the State Legislature has
power to make laws.
Accordingly, the Karnataka Essential Services Maintenance Bill, 2009 as passed by both the
houses of the State Legislature was sent to Government of India to obtain the assent of His
Excellency the President.
The Government of India vide its letter No.17/24/2009-Judl & PP, dated: 17.05.2010 had
communicated the observation notes of the Ministry of Power and the Ministry of Labour and
Employment in respect of the said Bill. The required clarifications were furnished to the Government
of India vide letter No.DPAL.3.Shasana.2009, dated.20.10.2011.
The Government of India vide its letter No.17/24/2009-Judl & PP, dated: 24.10.2011 had
requested the State Government to consider withdrawing the present Bill (LA Bill No.9 of 2009) and
after carrying out necessary modifications to submit another Bill.
Hence the Bill.
[L.A. Bill No.12 of 2013, File No. Samvyashae 3 Shasana 2009]
[entries 1,17 and 64 of List II and entries 2, 22, 35 and 38 of list III of the Seventh Schedule to the

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KARNATAKA ACT NO. 25 OF 2015
(First Published in the Karnataka Gazette Extra-ordinary on the twenty-eighth day of May, 2015)
THE KARNATAKA ESSENTIAL SERVICES MAINTENANCE ACT, 2013
(Received the assent of the President on the nineteenth day of May, 2015)
An Act to provide for the maintenance of certain essential services.
Whereas it is expedient to provide for the maintenance of certain essential services and for
matters connected therewith for the purposes hereinafter appearing;
Be it enacted by the Karnataka State Legislature in the sixty-fourth year of the Republic of
India, as follows :-

  1. Short title, extent and commencement .- (1) This Act may be called the Karnataka
    Essential Services Maintenance Act, 2013.
    (2) It extends to the whole of the State of Karnataka.
    (3) It shall come into force at once and remain in force for a period of ten years.
  2. Definitions .- (1) In this Act, unless the context otherwise requires,-
    (a) “essential service” means,-
    (i) any service connected with production, generation, storage, transmission, supply or
    distribution, as the case may be, of water or electricity;
    (ii) any transport service for the carriage of passengers or goods by motor vehicles.
    Explanation .- For the purpose of this clause, the expression “motor vehicle” shall have the
    meaning assigned to it in clause (28) of section 2 of the Motor Vehicles Act, 1988 (Central Act 59 of
    1988).
    (iii) any other service or employment or class thereof connected with any matter with respect
    to which the State Legislature has power to make laws under List II of the Seventh Schedule to the
    Constitution and which the Government being of the opinion that refusal to work therein would
    prejudicially affect the maintenance of any public utility services or the public safety or the
    maintenance of supplies and service necessary for the life of the community or would result in the
    infliction of grave hardship on the community, may, by notification, declare to be an essential service
    for the purpose of this Act;
    (b) “Government” means, the State Government;
    (c) “strike” means the cessation of work by a body of persons while employed in any essential
    service, acting in combination or a concerted refusal or a refusal under a common understanding of
    any number of persons who are or have been so employed to continue to work or to accept work
    assigned and includes,-
    (i) refusal to work overtime where such work is necessary for the maintenance of any
    essential service; and
    (ii) Any other conduct which is likely to result in or results in, cessation or substantial
    retardation of work in any essential service.
    (2) (a) Every notification issued under sub-clause (iii) of clause (a) of sub-section (1) shall be
    laid before each House of the State Legislature within a week after it is made, if the House is in
    session, and within a week after the commencement of the next session of the House, if it is not in
    session and shall cease to operate at the expiration of sixty days from the date of its being so laid or
    from the re-assembly of the State Legislature as the case may be, unless before the expiration of that
    period a resolution approving the issue of the notification is passed by both Houses of the State
    Legislature;
    (b) Where any notification ceases to operate by or under this sub-section, the ceaser shall be
    without prejudice to anything done or omitted to be done before such ceaser.
    Explanation .- Where the two Houses of the State Legislature are summoned to re-assemble
    on different dates the period of sixty days shall be reckoned from the latter of these dates.
  3. Power to prohibit strike in certain essential services.- (1) If the Government are
    satisfied that in public interest or in the interest of the public order, it is necessary or expedient so to
    do, they may, by general or special order, prohibit strike in such essential services and from such
    date as may be specified in the order.
    (2) An order made under sub-section (1) shall be published in such manner as the Government
    consider best calculated to bring it to the notice of the persons affected by the order.
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    (3) An order made under sub-section (1) shall be in force for one year only from the date it comes into
    operation, but the Government may, by a like order, published in the like manner, extend it for any
    period not exceeding six months, if they are satisfied that in the public interest or in the interest of the
    public order it is necessary or expedient so to do.
    (4) Upon the issue of an order under sub-section (1) ,-
    (a) no person employed in any essential service to which the order relates shall go or remain
    on strike; or
    (b) any strike declared or begun or continued, whether before or after the issue of the order,
    by any person employed in any such service, shall be illegal.
    (5) Any order made under sub-section (1) or sub-section (3) may, at any time, be rescinded
    by the Government by a like order, but such rescission shall not affect the previous operation of such
    order or anything duly done or suffered thereunder, and shall not affect any obligation or liability
    accrued or incurred or any penalty or punishment incurred in respect of any offence committed
    against this Act before such rescission.
  4. Penalty for illegal strike.- Any person who commences a strike or continues to go on
    strike or otherwise takes part in any such strike which is illegal under this Act in any essential service,
    shall on conviction, be punished with imprisonment for a term which may extend to one year or with
    fine which may extend to five thousand rupees or with both.
  5. Penalty for instigation.- Any person who instigates, or incites any other person to take
    part in, or otherwise acts in furtherance of strike which is illegal under this Act in any essential
    service, shall on conviction, be punished with imprisonment for a term which may extend to one year
    or with fine which may extend to five thousand rupees or with both.
  6. Penalty for giving financial aid to illegal strike.- Any person who knowingly expends or
    supplies any money in furtherance or support of strike which is illegal under this Act in any essential
    service shall on conviction, be punished with imprisonment for a term which may extend to one year
    or with fine which may extend to five thousand rupees, or with both.
  7. Action under sections 4, 5 or 6 in addition to other disciplinary action.- Any action
    taken against any person under sections 4, 5 or 6 shall not affect and shall, be in addition to, any
    other action of a disciplinary nature or any consequence which may ensue, and to which the person
    may be liable by or under the terms and conditions of his service or employment.
  8. Power to arrest without warrant.-(1)Notwithstanding anything contained in the Code of
    Criminal Procedure, 1973 (Central Act 2 of 1974), any police officer may arrest without warrant any
    person who is reasonably suspected of having committed any offence under this Act.
    (2) All offences in this Act shall be non-bailable.
  9. Act to override other laws.- The provisions of this Act and any order issued thereunder
    shall have effect notwithstanding anything inconsistent therewith contained in any other law for the
    time being in force:
    Provided that the provisions contained in this Act shall not override any of the provisions of
    the Electricity Act, 2003 or rule or orders made thereunder.
    The above translation of P À£ÁðlP À CvÁåª À± ÀåP À ¸ Éê ÉU À¼ À ¤ª Àðº ÀuÁ C¢ü¤AiÀĪÀÄ, 2013 (2015gÀ PÀ£ÁðlPÀ
    C¢ü¤AiÀĪ ÀÄ ¸ÀASÉå 25) be published in the official Gazette under clause (3) of Article 348 of the
    Constitution of India.
    VAJUBHAI VALA
    GOVERNOR OF KARNATAKA
    By Order and in the name of the Governor of Karnataka
    S.B. GUNJIGAVI
    Secretary to Government,
    Department of Parliamentary Affairs.