Civil Court, Suits, Civil Jurisdiction
An Act to consolidate and amend the law relating to civil courts in the State of Kerala,
subordinate to the High Court of Kerala.
2[ Preamble.-WHEREAS it is expedient to consolidate and amend the laws relating to
civil courts in the State of Kerala, subordinate to the High Court of Kerala;
BE it enacted as follows:-]
- Short title, extent and commencement.-(1) This Act may be called the Kerala
Civil Courts Act, 1957.
(2) It extends to the whole of the State of Kerala.
(3) It shall come into force on such date as the Government may, by
notification in the Gazette, appoint3
ESTABLISHMENT AND CONSTITUTION OF SUBORDINATE CIVIL COURTS2. Classes of subordinate civil courts.-In addition to the courts established under any
other law for the time being in force, there shall be the following classes of civil
courts in the State, namely:-
(i) the court of a District Judge (hereinafter referred to as the
(ii) the court of a Subordinate Judge (hereinafter referred to as
the subordinate Judge’s Court);
(iii) the court of a Munsiff (hereinafter referred to as the
- Establishment of District court.-(1) For the purposes of this Act, the Government
may, by notification in the Gazette divide the State into civil districts (hereinafter
referred to as districts) and alter the limit or the number of such districts.
(2) The Government shall establish a District Court for each district and a
Judge (hereinafter called the District Judge) shall be appointed to such
- Appointment of Additional District Judges.-(1) When the state of business
pending before a District Court so requires, one or more Additional District
Judges may be appointed to that court for such period as is deemed necessary.
(2) An Additional District Judge shall discharge all or any of the functions of
the District Judge under this Act in respect of all matters which the
District Judge may assign to him, or which under the provision of section
7 may be instituted before him and in the discharge of those functions he
shall exercise the same powers as the District Judge. 5. Establishment of Subordinate Judge’s Courts and Munsiff’s Courts.-(1) The
Government may, in consultation with the High Court, establish in each district
such number of Subordinate Judge’s Courts and Munsiff’s Courts as they deem
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