Keywords : Debtor, Interest, Loan, Money Lender, Mundy Merchant, Pawnbroker, Pawner, Pledge
The Nagaland Money Lenders Act, 2005
(Act No. 6 of 2005)
Received the assent of the Government of Nagaland on 28/09/2005 and
published in the Nagaland Gazette Extraordinary dated: 5″ of November. 2005.
An act to regulate and control the business of money lending in the State
Be it enacted in the fifty-sixth year of the Republic of India as follows:
- SHORT TITLE, EXTEND AND COMMENCEMENT:
(i) This Act may be called the Nagaland Money Lenders Act, 2005
(ii) It extends to the whole of the State of Nagaland
(iii) It shall come into force on such date as the State Government may, by
notification in the Official Gazette, appoint.
- Definitions: In this Act, unless the context otherwise requires:
(1) ‘bank’ means a banking company as defined in clause (c) of Section 5
of the Banking Companies Act, 1949 (Central Act 10 of 1949);
(2) ‘company’ means any company as defined in Section 3 of the Companies
Act, 1956 (Central Act I of 1956);
(3) “Co-operative Society” means a society registered or deemed to be
registered under the Assam Co-operative Societies Act, 1949 (Assam
Act No. I 1950);
(4) ‘court’ includes acourt acting in the exercise of insolvency jurisdiction;
(5) ‘debtor’ means a person to whom a loan is advanced and includes a
successor-in-interest or surety.
(6) “Government’ means the State Government;
(7) ‘interest’ includes any amount, by whatever name called, paid or payable
to a lender in consideration of, or otherwise in respect of, a loan in
excess of the principal, but does not include any sum lawfully charged
by a lender in accordance with the provisions of this or any other act for
the time being in force or on account of costs, charges or expenses;
(8) ‘license’meansamoney lender’s license granted under this Act and licensed
shall be construed accordingly;
(9) ‘loan’ means an advance whether of amoney or articles, goods or materials
made on consideration for interest, and includes any transaction which the
Court hds in substance to amount to such an advance, but does not include-
(i) deposit of money or other property in a bank, Post Office Saving
Bank, or Company;
(ii) an advance made by a bank, or company;
(iii) an advance made by the Government or by any person authorized
by the Government to make advance in their behalf of by any
(iv) an advance made by any person bona fide carrying on any business,
not having for its primary object the lending of money, if such
loan is advanced in the regular course of such business; and
(v) an advance made by a landlord to his tenant, by a lessor to his
lessee, by one partner or co-sharer in cultivation to another for the
purpose of carrying on agriculture.
(10) ‘money lender’ means a person whose business is that of advancing
and realizing loans, and shall include a mundy merchant and a
pawnbroker, but does not include a bank, or company and the expression
‘money lending’ shall be construed accordingly;
(1 1) ‘mundy merchant’ means a person who advances money on the security
of any standing crop or produce;
(12) ‘pawnbroker’ means a person who carries on the business of taking
goods and cattle in pawn for a loan given by him;
(13) ‘pawner’ means a person delivering an articles for pawn to a pawnbroke.
(14) ‘pledge’ means an article pawned with a pawnbroker;
(15) ‘prescribed’ means prescribed by rules made under this Act;
(16) ‘principal’ in relation to a loan means the amount actually lent to the
(17) ‘year’ means the financial year.
- Money-lender to obtained license annually:
No person shall, on or after the date on which the provisions of this Act
come into force, carry on business of money lending at any place in the State,
unless he has obtained a money-lender’s license under this Act.
- Grant and refusal of licenses:
1 (a) Evety application for a money-lender’s license shall be in writing
and shall be made to the prescribed licensing authority;
(b) Every such application shall be accompanied by such fee, as the
State Government may, from time to time prescribe;
(c) The fee payable under this sub-section shall be paid through
Treasury Challan under the appropriate Head of Account;
(d) Where the license applied for is refused, the fee paid under this
sub-section shall be refunded in full and where the application
for the lilcense is withdrawn by the applicant before the license is
actually granted the fee paid less ten percent thereof shall be
2 Every license shall be granted in such form and subject to such conditions
as may be prescribed;
3 The licensing authority may, by order in writing, refuse to grant a license
if such authority is satisfied:
(a) That the applicant has not complied with the provisions of this
Act or the rules made thereunder in respect of an application for
grant of a license;
(b) That the applicant has knowingly acted in contravention of any
other Act or rule for the time being in force; or
(c) that the applicant has-
(i) knowingly participated in, or connived at, any fraud or dishonestly
in the conduct of, or in connection with, the business of money
(ii) been found guilty of any offence under Chapter XVII or Chapter
XVIII of the Indian Penal Code (Central Act 45 of 1860);
Provided that before passing an order refusing a license on any of the
grounds specified above other than the ground specified in sub-clause
(ii) of Clause (C), the applicant shall be given a reasonable oppohty
of being heard.
- The licensing authority shall, in the grant or refusal of license, be
subjected to the control and direction of the Government.
- Any person aggrieved by an order of the licensing authority under subsection (3) may, within one month from the date of communication of
such order to him, appeal to the prescribed authority.
- Every licensing granted under this Act shall subject to the provision of
sub-section (7) expire on the last day ofthe year for which it was granted.
- A license granted under sub-section (2) may be renewed from year to
year and the provisions of sub-section (2) may be renewed from year to
year and the provisions of sub-section (1) to (6) shall apply in relation
to the renewal of a license as they apply in relation to the grant of a new
- Change of place of business by money lender:
No money lender shall change his place of business without previous notice
to the licensing authority and without getting the address of the new place of
business duly endorsed on his license
- Money lenders to exhibit their names over shops:
(1) Every money lender shall always display in large characters over the
outer door of his shop or place of business his name with the word
(2) Every money lender shall always display over the outer door of hls
shop or place of business a board specifying the name of the debt
collector, if any, employed under Section 11, the days of the week and
the hours duringwhich the shop or place shall be kept open for business
and shall be bound to keep the shop or place of business open during
the said days and hours for the transaction of business.
- Interest and charges allowed to money lender:
(1) No money lender shall charge interest on any loan advanced whether
on a pledge or otherwise at a rate exceeding more than 3 (three) percent
above the prevailing average bank rates of interest on loans advances
(2) The rate of interest shall be per annum simple interest on the principal
amount of the loan.
(3) The month or year used for the calculation of interest shall be month or
year of the Gregorian calendar.
(4) A money lender may demand or take from the debtor such other charges
as may be prescribed.
(5) A money lender shall not demand or take from the debtor any interest
in excess of that payable under sub-section (1) or any charge, in excess
of that prescribed under sub-section (4).
(6) The rate of interest to be charged under sub-section (1) and (2) shall be
notified by the State Government each year at the beginning of the year.
- Pawn-ticket to be given to pawner:
Every pawn broker shall, on taking pledge in pawn, give to the pawner
a ticket in the prescribed form, and no pawnbroker shall take a pledge, in
pawn the pawner takes the pawn-ticket.
- Conditions relating to redemption of pledge:
(1) In the absence of a decree or order of a Civil Court or of an order of a
magistrate or an officer of police not below the rank of sub-Inspector
prohibiting the delivery of the pledge by the pawnbroker to the pawner, the
pawner shall, on production of the pawn-ticket, and on payment of the sum
legally payable in respect thereof, be entitled to the delivery of the pledge.
(2) On a declaration being made in the prescribed form by the pawner
(hereafter in this sub-section referred to as the transferor) that the right to
redeem the pledge has been transferred to, or is vested in, some other
person (hereafter in this section referred to as the transferee) and on a
declaration being made by the transferee that he is in possession of the
pawn-ticket and that he is entitled to redeem the pledge, the pawbroker
shall cause an endorsement to be made on the pawn-ticket and in the
pawn book to that effect and thereuponthe transferor’s right to redeem
the pledge shall be extinguished and the transferee shall be deemed to be
the pawner for the purposes of this section.
(3) Where a person claiming to be the messanger or agent of the pawner
produces the pawn-ticket and offers to redeem the pledge, the
pawnbroker may, after obtaining from the person so clairning, a
declaration in the prescribed form, allow redemption if the pawnbroker
is satisfied that the person who claims to be such messenger or agent is
in fact such messenger or agent.
(4) Where a person producing a pawn-ticket claims to be the messenger or
agent of the pawner and offers to redeem the pledge, the pawnbroker
may send a notice in the prescribed form by registered post to the pawner
to the address given by the pawner to the pawner, and if the pawner does
not hear to the contrary from the pawner, within two weeks after the date
on which the notice would in the usual course of post reach the pawner,
the pawnbroker may, after the expiry of the said two weeks and after
obtaining from the person claiming to be such messenger or agent, a
declaration in the prescribed form allow the person so claiming to redeem
the pledge and shall, in that event, be exonerated kom further liability to
the pawner, but without prejudice to any rights in respect of that pledge,
which the pawner may be entitled by due process of law to enforce against
the person who was allowed by the pawnbroker to redeem the pledge.
(5) (a) where the pawner is dead and a person who produces the pawnticket claims to be the legal representative of the pawner and offers to
redeem the pledge, the pawnbroker may, after obtaining from such
person a declaration in the prescribed form and after sending a notice
to every other person who claims to be entitled to redeem the pledge, . –
permit such redemption if the pawnbroker is satisfied that such person
is in fact the nearest legal representative of the pawner.
Provided that the pawnbroker may decline to permit redemption of the
pledge by such person unless it is delcred by a competent Court that
such person is entitled to redeem the pledge.
(b) Where the pawnbroker permits redemption of the pledge under
Clause (a) without declaration of a competent Court, he shall not be
exonerated from liability to the nearest legal representative of the
deceased pawner, if such legal representative be a person other than a
person who was permitted by the pawnbroker to redeem.
(6) (a) Where the pawner alleges that the pawn-ticket has been lost or
destroyed and claim redemption of the pledge, the pawnbroker shall,
after obtaining from the pawner a declaration in the prescribed form,
allow such redemption:
Provided that if any other person who is in possession of the pawnticket and who is entitled to redeem the pledge objects to the redemption
of the pledge by the pawner and claims the right of redemption, the
pawnbroker may decline to pemit redemption of the pledge by the
pawner or such person unless it is declared by a competent Court that
the pawner or such person is entitled to redeem the pledge.
(b) Before allowing redemption under clause (a) the pawnbroker may
insist on indemnity being given by the pawner against a claim by any
(7) (a) where aperson claims to be the owner ofa pledge and alleges that it was
pawned without his knowledge or authority, the pawnbroker shall take a
declaration hm such person in the prescribed form and send anotice inthe
prescribed form by registered post to the pawner at the address given to the
pawnbroker b the pawner and similarly to every other claimant, ifany, and if
the pawn-broker does not receive any communication in writing fiom the
pawner or any other claimant objecting to the delivery of the pledge to the
alleged owner within two weeks fiom the date on which the letter would in
the usual course ofpost reach the addressee, the pawn-broker may allow
the alleged owner to redeem the pledge and pawn-broker is hereafter
exonerated fiom Mher liability to the pawner or any other claimant but
without prejudice to any rights in respect ofthat pledge to which the pawner
or any other claimant may be entitled by due process of law to enforce
against the alleged owner who was allowed by the pawn-broker to redeem
(b) If, on receiving notice, the pawner or any other claimant objects to the
delivery of the pledge to the alleged owner, the pawnbroker may decline to
permit redemption of the pledge by the alleged owner unless it is declared
by acompetent Court thatthe alleged owner is entitled to redeem the pledge.
- Money lender and pawnbroker to keep books give receipt etc:
(1) Every money lender and pawnbroker shall:
(a) regularly record and maintain or cause to be recorded and maintained,
an account showing for each debtor separately
(i) the date of the loan, the amount of the principal of the loan and rate of
interest charged on the loan;
4 the amount of every payment received by the money-lender inrespect
of the loan, and the date of such payment;
5) if articles are taken in pawn
(1) afull and detailed descriptionofthe article or ofeach of the articles
taken in pawn; and
(2) the time agreed upon for the redemption of the pawn; and
(3) the name and address of the pawner, and where the pawner is not the
owner of the article or of any of the articles pawned, the name and
address of the owner thereof;
keep and use inhis business, ifhe is apawn-broker, the following documents
and books in the prescribed form and enter therein, from time to time, as
occasion requires, in a fair and legible manner, such particulars and in
accordance with such dictions, as may be prescribed:
sale book of pledge;
declaration under Section 9; and
receipt on redemption of pledge;
give to the debtor or his agent areceipt for every amount paid by him, duly
signed and if necessary, stamped at the time of such payment;
on requisitioninwriting made by the debtor furnish to hirnor, ifhe so requires,
to any personmentioned by him in that behalf in his requisition, a statement
of account signed by himself or his agent, showing the particulars referred to
in clause (a) and also the amount which remains outstanding on account of
the principal and of interest, and charge such sum as the Government may
prescribed as fee therefor;
Providedthat no such statement shall be required to be furnished to adebtor
if he is supplied by the money-lender with a pass book in the prescribed
form containing an up-to date account of the money-lender’s transaction –
with the debtor; and
submit suchreturns relating to the loans advanced by him to such authority in
such manner and at such time as may be prescribed.
All records and entires made in the books, accounts and documents referred
to in sub-section (10 shall be either in English or in such language of the
locality as may be prescribed.
Notwithstanding an* containdinthe IndianEvidence Act, 1872 (Centml
Act 1 of 1872), a copy of the account referred to in clause (a) of subsection (1), ceaitied in suchmanner as may be prescribed, shall be admissible
in evidence inthe samemanner and to the same extent as the orid account.
A debtor to whom a statement of account has been furnished under clause
(d) of sub-section (1) and who fails to object to the corresctness of the
account shall not, by such failure alone, be deemed to have admitted the
correctness of such account.
(5) In the receiptto te givenunder clause (c) of subsection (1) or in the statement
of account to be fiunished under clause (d) ~. of that sub-section or in the
pawn ticket fiunished to the pawner, the figures shall be entered only in
(6) In any suit or proceeding relating to a loan, if the Court finds that a money
lender has not maintained an account as required by clause (a) of sub-section
(I), it shall disallow his costs.
(7) If any money lender fails to give to the debtor or his agent a receipt as
required by clause (c) of sub-section (1) or to furnish on a requisition
made under clause (d) of that sub-section a statement of account as
required within one month after such requisition has been made, or if a
pawn-broker fails to deliver to the pawner a pawn-ticket as required by
Section 8, he shall not be entitled to any interest for the period of his
- Employment of debt collectors:
(1) No person shall be employed by any money lender for the purpose of
demandimg or recovering any loan due to him unless such person is in
possession of a certificate authorizing him to act as a debt collector
granted under this section.
(2) Every application for such a certificate shall be made to such authority
and shall be in such form and shall contain such particulars, as may be
prescribed: and before a certificate is granted to him, the application
shall satisfy such authority that he bears a good character.
(3) The certificate shall be in such form and for such period and shall contain
such particulars, as may be prescribed.
- Appointment of inspectors and their powers:
(1) The Government or any authority or officer empowered by them may,
by notification in the Nagaland Gazette, appoint one or more persons
to be inspectors for the purpose of this Act and may specify in such
notification the local limits of their jurisdiction.
(2) Every inspector shall be deemed to be a public servant within the meaning
of Section 21 of the Indian Penal Code (Central Act 45 of 1860)
(3) (a) An inspector may, at any time, with such assistance as he thinks
necessary, enter any premises within his jurisdiction in which any person
carriesonbusiness as licensed money lender and inspectthe books,
accounf records, files, documents, safes, vaults and pledges insuchpremises.
(b) A Mapistrate of the first class on receiving a report from an Inspector that he
has reason to believe that amon is mnyingonwithout alicense the business – – –
onmoney-lending at any place within the jurisdiction of such Magistrate,
may issue awarrant empowering the Inspectorto enter such place with such
assistance as such Magistrate considers necessary and to inspect the books,
accounts, records, files, documents, safes vaults and pledges m suchpremises.
(c) On an inspection made under clause (a) or clause (b), the Inspector may
take to his office for further investigation, such books, accounts, records –
files and documents as he considers necessary.
(d) If the Inspector removes from the premises any books, accounts, records,
file and documents, he shall give to the person in charge of the place
from whose custody they were removed a receipt describing the books,
accounts, records, files and documents so removed by him.
(e) The Inspector shall within twenty-four hours of the removal of the books,
accounts, records, files and documents fiom the premises, either return
them to the person from whose custody they were removed or produce
them in the court of the Magistrate who issued the warrant. Such
Magistrate may return the books, accounts, records, files and documents,
or any of them to the person &om whose custody they were removed
by the Inspector, after taking eom such person such security as the
Magistrate considers necessary for the production of the books, accounts
records, files and documents when requited whether by the Inspector
or by the court, or may pass such other orders as to their disposal as
appears just or necessary.
(f) AnInspector shall have authority to require any person whose testimony
he may require regarding any loan or money-lending business, to appear
before him or to produce or cause to be produced any document and to
examine such person on oath.
(4) An Inspector may apply for assistance to an officer-in-charge of apolicestation and take police aid in performing his duties under this Act and
rules made thereunder.
- Redemption of pledge:
(1) Notwithstanding any agreement between the pawnbroker and the pawner
that a pledge shall be redeemed within a specified period which is less
than one year, it shall be lawful of the pawner to redeem the pledge
within one year &om the date of pawning exclusive of that day, and
there shall be added to that year of redemption seven days of grace
within which every pledge shall continue to be redeemable.
(2) where the contract between the pawner provides a period longer than
one year for redemption there shall be added to such period of
redemption seven days of grace within which the pledge shall continue
to be redeemable.
(3) if a pledge is not redeemed before the expiry of the period of redemption
andthe days of grace, the pledge, the pledge shall be disposed of by the
pawnbroker in accordance with the provisions of Section 14.
- Sale of pledge and inspection of sale book:
(1) An unredeemed pledge shall be disposed of by the pawnbroker only by
sale at a public auction. The sale shall be conducted in such manner as
may be prescribed.
(2) Where the highest bid at such sale is the bid of the bid of the pawnbroker
the sale shall not become absolute unless the bid is for a sum exceeding
the sum payable on the pawn inclusive of interest and charges and the
sale is confirmed by the inspector appointed under sub-section (10 of
(3) At any time within one year from th date of public auction, the holder
of the pawn-ticket may inspect the enhy reIating to the sale either in the
sale book of pledges or in such lists of the auction as may be prescribed.
(4) (a) If the pledge was sold for more than the amount of the loan and the
interest and charges due at the time of the sale, the pawnbroker shall
pay to the holder of the pawn-ticket the excess amount after deducting
therefrom the necessary cost and charges of the sale.
@) If within twelve months before such sale, sale of any other pledges
belonging to the same person has resulted in a deflect, the pawnbroker
may set offthe deficit against such excess amount and shall be liable to
pay only the balance, if any.
- Liability of pawn broken in case of fire etc:
(1) here pledges is damaged, destroyed or lost by, or in consequence of,
fire, or otherwise, the pawnbroker shall nevertheless be liable to pay
the value of the pledge as noted in the pawn book to the pawner after
deducting the amount of the principal and interest or other charges due
(2) A pawnbroker shall be entitled to insure to the extent of the value so
noted in the pawn book.
- Punishment for advancing smaller amount or receiving higher interest
than that specified in the accounts for other documents:
(I) Any money lender, whether licenced or not:
(a) who actually advances an amount less than the amount shown in
his accounts, registers, pawn-tickets or other documents relating
the loan, or
(b) who receives interest or other charges at arate higher than the rate
shown in the accounts, registers, pawn-ticket or other documents
shall be punishable with imprisonment for a tern may extend one
year or with fine which may extend to five thousand rupees or
(2) If a money lender is convicted of an offence under sub-section (1) after
having been previously convicted of such an offence, the Court
convicting him on the subsequent occasion may cancel his license as a
Provided that such cancellation shall not afFect the right of a money
lender to realize loans advanced by him in accordance with the
provisions of this regulation prior to the cancellation of his license.
- Cognizance of offences:
No Court shall take cognizance of an offence punishable under this Act
or the rules made thereunder except on a complaint in writing made by the
Inspector appointed under sub-section (1) of Section 12, or such other officer
or authority as may be prescribed.
- Certain otherActs of pawnbrokers to be punishable:
A pawnbroker who-
(1) takes article in pawn from any person obviously appearing to be under
the age of eighteen years or to be of unsound mind or to be intoxicated;
(2) purchases or takes in pawn or changes a pawn-ticket issued by another
(3) employs any person under the age of eighteen years to take pledges in
(4) under any pretence, except at a public auction, any pledge while in
pawn with him; or
(5) permit any pledge while in pawn with him to be redeemed with a view
to purchasing it for himself; or
(6) makes any contract or agreement with any person pawning or offering
to pawn any article, or with the owner thereof, for the purchase, sale or
disposition thereof within the time of redemption; or
(7) sells or othenvise dispose of any pledge pawned with him except at
such time and in such manner as is authorized by or under this act or
the rules made thereunden; shall be punishable with imprisonment for
a term which may extend to one year or fine which may extend to five
thousand rupees or with both.
- Certain Acts of pawner to be punishable:
(1) Any person who-
(a) offers by way of pawn to a pawnbroker any article of which he is
unable, or refuses, to give a satisfactory account of the means by
which he came into possession of the article; or
(b) willfully or knowingly gives false information to apawnbroker as
to the ownership of the article to be pawned or as to the genuineness
thereof or as to his name and address or as to the name and address
of the owner of the article; or
(c) not being entitles to redeem a pledge, attempts or endeavours to
redeem the same; shall be punishable with imprisonment ffor a
term which may extend to six months or with fine which may
extend to two thousand five hundred rupees or with both.
In every case falling under sub-section (10 and in any case, where, on
an article being offered in pawn, for sale, or otherwise, to pawnbroker,
the pawnbroker reasonably suspects that it has been stolen or otherwise
illegally or clandestinely obtained, he shall in the absence of reasonable
excuse, in inquire into the name and address of the person concerned
and seize and detain the article and forthwith communicate to the nearest
police station the facts of the case and shall deliver the article seized to
(3) A list of stolen properties may be made over by the police to any
pawnbroker licensed under this Act and thereupon it shall be the duty
of such pawnbroker-
(a) if any article answering the description of any of the properties set
forth in any such list is offered to him in pawn, for sale or otherwise,
proceed in accordance with the provisions of sub-section (2); and
(b) if any such article is already in his possession, to communicate to
the nearest police station forthwith the facts of the case (including
full particulars as to the name and address of the person who
delivered the articles to the pawnbroker) and, if so required by the
police, to deliver the articles to them.
- Penalty for molestation of debtor:
(1) Whoever molests or abets the molestation of any debtor for he recovery
of any loan shall punishable with imprisonment for a term which may
extend to one year or with fine which may extend to five thousand
rupees or with both.
(2) Notwithstanding anything contained in the Code Criminal Procedure,
1898 (Central Act 5 of 1898), an offence under this Section shall be
cognizable and bailable.
- Power to suspend or cancel licenses:
(1) The licensing authority may, at any time, during he term of any license,
suspend it for such period as that Authority may deem fit or cancel it by
an order in writing-
(a) If the licensee carries on the business in contravention of the
provisions of this Act or the rules made thereunder or of the
conditions of the license; or
(b) if any reason for which the licensing authority could have refused
to grant the license to the money lender under sub-section (3) of
Section (4), is brought to the notice of that authority after the grant
of the license; or
(c) If the license is convicted by a Criminal Court under Section 20
or for an offence involving moral turpitude; or
(d) If the license maintain false accounts; or
(e) If he obstructs or willfully reuse facilities to an inspector appointed
under sub-section (1) of Section 12 or other authority appointed
under this Act in the performance of his or its duties under this
Act or the rules made thereunder.
(2) Before suspending or canceling alicense under sutFsection(l), the licensing
authority shall give the licensee anotice in writing statingthe grounds on – – .
which it is proposed to take action and requiring him to show cause against
it within suchtime as may be specified in the notice.
(3) Any person aggrieved by an order of the licensing authority suspending or
canceling – a license may, within one month of the date of communication of
such order to him appeal to the prescribed authority
- Publication of order of suspension or cancellation:
Every order of suspension or cancellation of a license under this act shall be
notifiedinthe ~azette id at the police stationhaving jurisdiction over the area to
which the license relates and also on the notice board of the office of the licensing
- No compensation for suspension or cancellation of license:
A person whose license is suspended or cancelled under Section 2 1 shall – – not be entitled to any compensation in respect of such suspension or cancellation
or to the refund of any fee paid in respect of such license.
- Penalty for carrying on business without license:
Whoever carries on the business of money lending without a license or
otherwise that in conformity with the terms and conditions of a license shall
be punishable with imprisonment for a term which may extend to six months
or with fine which may extend to two thousand five hundred rupees or with
- Other penalties:
(1) Whoever contravenes any of the provisions of this Act or of any rule
made thereunder or of any terms or conditions of a license granted
thereunder or makes a claim or a statement or furnishes a declaration
under Section 9 which is false he does not believe to be true shall, if no
other penalty is elsewhere provided for in this act for such contravention,
be punishable with imprisonment for a term which may extend to one
year or with fine which may extend to five thousand rupees or with
(2) Where a contravention of any of the provisions of this Act or of any
rules made thereunder of which a person is convicted consists of a mere
omission to do a thing, the Magistrate may, while convicting the offender,
direct him to do the thing before an appointed day and may on the
failure of the offender to do the thing before the said day, pass an order
suspending or cancelling his license.
- Jurisdiction to try offences:
No Court inferior to that of a Magistrate of the second class shall try
any offences punishable under this Act.
- Contracts not to be void on account of offence:
Where a money lender is guilty of an offence punishable under this act
any contract of pawn or other contract made by him in relation to his business
of money-lending shall not be void by reason only of that offence, nor shall
he by reason only of that offence lose his lien on, or right to, the pledge, or his
right to the loan and the interest and other charges, if any, payable in respect
- Power to make rules:
(1) The government may, after previous publication, make rules to carry
out the purposes of this Act.
(2) In particular and without prejudice to the generality of the foregoing
power, such rules may provide for all or any of the following matters,
the form of and particulars to be contained in an application for a license
and the authority to whom such application shall be made under Clause
(a) of sub-section (1) of section 4.
the manner in which the license fee payable under Clause (c) of subsection (1) of Section 4 shall be paid;
the form of the license and the terms and conditions subject to which it
may be granted under sub-section (2) of section 4.
the other authority referred to in sub-section (4) of section 4 subject to
whose control on direction of licensing authority shall grant or refuse
the form of the license and the terms and conditions subject to which it
may be granted under sub-section (2) of section 4;
the authority referred to in sub-section (5) of section 4 to whom an
appeal shall lie against the order ofthe licensing authority passed under
sub-section (3) of Section 4;
the form of the pawn-ticket to be given to the pawner under Section 8;
the form of declarations under Section 9;
the form of notice to be given under Section 9;
(j) the form and the language of the locality in which books, accounts and
documents specified in this act shall be maintained, kept or used;
@) the authority to whom, the manner in which and the times at which, the
returns relating to the loans shall be submitted under clause (e) of subsection (1) of Section 10;
(1) The authority to whom an application shall be made for the grants of a
certificate under sub-section (2) of Section 11 and the form of and the
particulars to be contained in, such application;
(m) the form in which and the period for which the certificate referred to in
sub-section (3) of Section 11 may be granted and the particulars which
such certificate shall contain;
(n) the procedure which shall be followed and the powers which may be
exercised, by the authorities exercising functions, holding inquiries and
hearing appeals under this Act;
(0) any other matter which is to be, or may be, prescribed under this act;
(3) All rules under this Section shall come into force from the date of
commencement specified in the rules and shall be punished in the
- Power to remove difficulties:
If any difficulty arises in giving effect to the provisions of this Act, the
Government may, as occasion may require, by order, do anything which
appears to them to be necessary or expedient for the purpose of removing the